This study aims to identify the profile of the filing of patent applications before the European Patent Office (EPO), wherein at least an applicant is domiciled in Africa, and to acquire more information about the main technological fields and applicants from Africa that seek patent protection within the member states of EPO.
We have evaluated the European Patent Applications filed from 2009 to 2019 having an applicant domiciled in Africa (“EP Africa patents applications”) by means of the EP Bulletin search database, wherein 1227 documents were retrieved. Below is listed a Top 10 counting of the number of hits according to the Applicant’s country. It is remarkable the predominance of applicants from South Africa. Moreover, a significant amount of patent applications has associations of African applicants and from other countries, for example the U.S., France, Germany and United Kingdom.
Top 10 European patent applications wherein at least an Applicant is domiciled in Africa
Trending of filing of European patent applications per African country of residence
A steady rate of European patent applications per African country of residence of the first applicant is illustrated in the next figure, wherein the applicants from South Africa clearly prevail over the remaining countries. The overall number of EP Africa patent applications in 2018 was 142, which represents less than 0.1% of the number of European patent applications filed in said year, considering the overall filings, extracted from EPO’s Statistics referred to 2018. The European patent applications include direct European applications and international (PCT) applications that entered the European phase during the reporting period.
Most frequents IPC subclasses in EP Africa patents applications
In order to identify the main technologies and applicants, the original set of 1227 documents was inputted in the patent analysis free tool PatentInspiration, allowing the identification of the most frequents IPC subclasses.
Top 20 applicants in EP Africa patents applications
In the image below, we can see the most frequent applicants and their respective main core businesses. Without a doubt, the universities from South Africa are responsible for a significant share of this ranking, which also comprises several applicants comprised in the mining industry of this country.
Trending of granting of EP Africa patent applications
It is also possible to observe a growing tendency of granting patents. The values referred to the European patents granted in relation to overall European patent applications were calculated from the Five-Year review published by EPO on January 21st, 2019. The European patents granted were calculated from 1227 documents retrieved from the EP Bulletin search database.
The results indicate stable values related to the filing of patent applications having applicants from Africa before EPO.
Despite small fractions of “EP Africa patent applications” having applicants from Seychelles, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia, most African corporations do not seem to seek protection by means of a European patent. Considering that the examination criteria have not changed significantly in the last few years at EPO, it is possible to assess that the quality of the “EP Africa patents applications” has been improving, in view of the respective growing tendency of European patents granted.